Competitive inhibition of copper amine oxidases by vitamin B hydrochloride in chickpea

Document Type: Original article

Authors

1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

2 Department of Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran

Abstract

Copper amine oxidases (CAOs) catalyse the oxidative de-amination of biogenic amines which are ubiquitous compounds essential for cell growth and proliferation. The enzymes are homodimers containing both topaquinone and a Cu(II) ions as cofactors at the active site of each subunit. After extraction and purification of chickpea (cicer arietinum) amine oxidase by chromatoghraphy, Km and Vmax of the enzyme were determined to be 3.3 mM and 0.95 mmol/min/mg, respectively, using a Lineweaver-Burk plot. In this study, the interaction of chickpea diamino oxidase with vitamin B hydrochloride was studied. Vitamin B hydrochloride (Thiamin) by Ki=8 mM acted as competitive inhibitor of the enzyme.

Keywords


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