Assessment of the vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter (NHX1) transcriptional changes in Leptochloa fusca L. in response to salt and cadmium stresses

Document Type: Original article


1 Department of biotechnology, faculty of agriculture, shahid bahonar university of kerman, kerman, Iran

2 Department of biotechnology, college of agricult, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

3 Department of biotechnology, faculty of agriculture, shahid bahonar university of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

4 Department of horticulture, faculty of agriculture, shahid bahonar university of kerman, kerman, Iran


Sodium/proton exchangers (NHX) are key players in plant responses to salinity and have a central role in establishing ion homeostasis. NHXs can be localized in tonoplast or plasma membranes, where they exchange sodium ions for protons, resulting in the removal of ions from the cytosol into vacuole or extracellular spaces. In the present study, the expression pattern of the gene encoding Na+/H+ antiporter in the vacuolar membrane (NHX1 gene) in Leptochloa fusca (Kallar grass) was measured by a semi-quantitative RT-PCR method under different treatments of NaCl and CdCl2. Results indicated that NaCl positively affected expression levels of LfNHX1, and that the amount of LfNHX1 mRNA increased in conjunction with the rise of salinity pressure, This finding suggests that vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter might play an important role in the salt tolerance ability of kallar grass. The results also showed that cadmium exposure significantly modulated the mRNA expression of the LfNHX1 gene, suggesting that cadmium exposure disturbed Na+ homeostasis across the tonoplast and decreased the salt tolerance ability of kallar grass.


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