Sequence variants of CYP345a1 and CYP6a14 gene regions in Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) adults treated with the novel characterızed Bolanthus turcicus (Caryophyllaceae) extract

Document Type: Original article


1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ahi Evran University, Kırşehir, Turkey

2 Department of Molecular Biology and Genetic, Faculty of Science and Art, Ahi Evran University, Kırşehir, Turkey

3 Faculty of Agriculture, Ahi Evran University, Kırşehir, Turkey

4 Public Health Institute, Department of Traditional, Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey



In this study, various doses of plant extracts that obtained from Bolanthus turcicus was applied to an important storage pest Tribolium castaneum adults. Bolanthus turcicus is an endemic species and spreads on the Hasan Mountain above Karkın town (Turkey, Aksaray province). The plant species was collected from June to July with the field study to be carried out in this region. Obtained extract of plant was analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method. The doses were defined during the study and the concentrations that kill 50% and 99% of the population were determined after applications. After 24 h, DNA was isolated from live and dead individuals that obtained from LC50 and LC99 concentration applications and analyzed for Cytochrome P450-mediated detoxification resistance genes, CYP345A1 and CYP6A14 gene regions, by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). CYP genes in insects are known to be rapidly regulated when exposed to insecticides. In the study, in order to screen for 206 bp and 353 bp fragments of CYP345A1 and CYP6A14 genes in T. castaneum adults were amplified using specific primers, respectively. DNA direct sequencing was performed on each template using the forward primer. When compared to the control, it is believed that mutation differences in live and dead individuals according to the sequencing results obtained from survival and dead adults, may allow these genes to play a protective role against the toxic effect of B. turcicus extract.