Deciphering the functional role of hypothetical proteins from Chloroflexus aurantiacs J-10-f1 using bioinformatics approach

Document Type: Original article

Authors

1 Department of Bioinformatics, GGDSD College, Sector 32-C, 160030, Chandigarh, India

2 Department of Biophysics, Panjab University, Sector 25, 160014, Chandigarh, India

10.22099/mbrc.2020.36894.1495

Abstract

Chloroflexus aurantiacus J-10-f1 is an anoxygenic, photosynthetic, facultative autotrophic gram negative bacterium found from hot spring at a temperature range of 50-60°C. It can sustain itself in dark only if oxygen is available thereby exhibiting a dark orange color, however display a dark green color when grown in sunlight. Genome of the organism contains total of 3853 proteins out of which 785 (~20%) proteins are uncharacterised or hypothetical proteins (HPs). Therefore in this work we have characterized the 785 hypothetical proteins of Chloroflexus aurantiacus J-10-f1 using bioinformatics tools and databases. HPs annotated by more than five domain prediction tools were filtered and named high confidence-hypothetical proteins (HC-HPs). These HC-HPs were further annotated by calculating their physiochemical properties, homologous, subcellular locations, signal peptides and transmembrane regions. We found most of the HC-HPs were involved in photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, biofuel production and cellulose synthesis processes. Furthermore, few of these HC-HPs could provide resistance to bacteria at high temperature due to their thermophilic nature. Hence these HC-HPs have the potential to be used in industrial as well as in biomedical needs. To conclude, the bioinformatics approach used in this study provides an insight to better understand the nature and role of Chloroflexus aurantiacus J-10-f1hypothetical proteins.

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