Experimental validation of a predicted microRNA within human FVIII gene

Document Type : Original article

Authors

Department of Cell and Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Science and Technology, University of Isfahan, Iran

10.22099/mbrc.2021.39067.1573

Abstract

Hemophilia A is an X-linked bleeding disorder that occurs due to the deficiency of Factor VIII (FVIII) protein clotting activity. The mutations in the F8 gene, which encodes FVIII coagulating protein have been widely reviewed. However, there is a wide range of criteria that in addition to F8 gene mutations, different molecular mechanisms may be associated with hemophilia A. Various functions of FVIII could be related to the hypothetical small non-coding RNAs, located within the F8 gene sequence. Therefore, miRNAs that can post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression might confer susceptibility to developing hemophilia A. Here, we have selected a bioinformatically predicted hairpin structure sequence in the first intron of the F8 gene that has the potential to produce a real miRNA (named put-miR1). We tried to experimentally detect the predicted miRNA via RT-PCR following its precursor overexpression in HEK 293 cell lines. Despite the accuracy of miRNA prediction, according to the reliable bioinformatics studies, we couldn’t confirm the existence of considered mature miRNA in transfected cells. We hope that through changing experimental conditions, designing new primers, or altering cell lines and expression vectors, the exogenous and endogenous expression of the predicted miRNA will be confirmed.

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