Document Type : Original article
Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Allied Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
Student Research Committee, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Allied Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
Student Research Committee, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
Medical Microbiology Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
The application of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is rapidly expanding due to their unique properties in cell therapy, especially as the feeder layer in the ex-vivo expansion of immune cells. Also, Interleukin 2 (IL-2) is an essential human cytokine in the expansion of hematopoietic precursors and progenitors, i.e., NK cells and T cells, while there is no endogenous expression of IL-2 in MSCs. This study aimed to examine the potency of amniotic membrane (AM)-MSCs as the IL-2 secretory cells. IL-2-containingpCMV3-C-GFPspark shuttle vector was transformed in E.coli DH5-alpha. After cloning, the plasmid DNA was extracted and transfected in isolated AM-MSCs, by lipofectamine-2000. Then, the RNA and protein expression levels of exogenous IL-2 were evaluated 3 to 15 days after transfection, using ELISA and qRT-PCR. Fluorescent microscopy and flowcytometry assays were used for evaluating the GFP-positivity of transfected AM-MSCs, as IL-2 expression control. There was a significant increase in RNA expression of exogenous IL-2 in transfected AM-MSCs in 3 to 15 days after transfection. (p <0.001) Also, IL-2 concentration released in the medium was increased in 3rd day after transfection (611 pg/ml). However, the RNA and protein expression of IL-2 was reduced through passing the time. The results show AM-MSC is a suitable host for the expression and secretion of IL-2 as a critical cytokine in the ex-vivo expansion of hematopoietic precursors and progenitors, i.e., NK cells and T cells. Also, the survival time of IL-2 expression in AM-MSCs was long enough for use as a feeder layer.