Stress adaptation signature into the functional units of spike, envelope, membrane protein and ssRNA of SARS-CoV-2

Document Type : Original article


1 Post Graduate Department of Biotechnology, Oriental Institute of Science and Technology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, 721102, West Bengal, India

2 Post-Graduate Department of Biotechnology, Molecular informatics Laboratory, Oriental Institute of Science and Technology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, West Bengal, India


Pandemic coronavirus causes respiratory, enteric and sometimes neurological diseases. Proteome data of individual coronavirus strains were already reported. Here we investigated of SARS-CoV-2 ssRNA and protein of spike, envelope and membrane to determine stress adaptation profile. Thermodynamic properties, Physicochemical behaviour and, amino acid composition along with their RMSD value was analysed. Thermodynamic index of SARS-CoV2 spike, envelope and membrane ssRNA is unstable in higher temperature. Presence of higher proportion of polar with positive and negative charged amino acid residues into spike (S), envelope (E) and membrane (M) protein indicate the lower stress adaptability pattern. Our study represented several unstable pockets into S, E and M proteins of SARS-CoV-2 against different abiotic stresses, specifically higher in spike protein. Contact with heat through solvent may denature the architectural network of SARS-CoV-2 spike, envelope and membrane ssRNA and structural protein. The stress instability index of SARS-CoV-2 and the interactome profile of its transmembrane proteins may help to reveal novel factors for inhibiting SARS-CoV-2 growth.